In archeological surveying, non-destructive and cost-effective information gathering is of utmost importance. Geophysical methods of surveying provide just that.
Thanks to geophysical methods, it is possible to detect the underground presence of structures such as walls, foundations, floors, roads, kilns, hearths, tombs, graves, pit cavities, mounds and filled ditches. So it allows the drawing of an „archaeological map” of the underground. This mapping has a double function: it indicates to archaeologists the exact location where excavation has to be made, and it can provide the criteria for proper land planning.
By employing the most modern and effective methods (like magnetometer, electrical profiling, electrical tomography or radar surveying), archeological surveying is today easier then ever before.
Other geophysical applications: